Subject: Report on WIDHN Australia co-operation pilot project with Poros Langit Nuswantoro writers and cultural group of Jombang, East Java-Indonesia on the subject of 'Surya Majapahit Teachings'Time frame: 21-27 January 2013
Location: Trowulan, Mojokerto, and Jombang (East Java province, Indonesia)
Objectives: To bring about a closer working relationship based on people to people relationship and to help bridge the communication gap between the Balinese and Javanese.
Events: The Hindu-Dharma ritual ceremony to help fulfil the sacred promise of Maharesi Dwijendra 500 years ago & Public forum on the subject of the Surya Majapahit teachings.
1. RITUAL CEREMONY AT GAPURA WARINGIN (MAJAPAHIT GATE)
To fulfil the sacred promise of Maharesi Dwijendra, Thursday the 24th of January 2013
The era of the Majapahit dynasty in Java (from 1293 AD to around 1500 AD) was known as the peak of Javanese civilisation, even though there were no great monuments built such as Borobudur or Prambanan temples as was done by the previous Javanese dynasties. Its territorial kingdom which is known as Nusantara covered most of what is now known as South East Asian countries.
Towards the end of the Majapahit kingdom era, a famous Hindu master or Maharesi known as Bhagawan Dang Hyang Dwijendra was known to dedicate his life as an advisor for the King and the people of Majapahit. His Dharma Yatra or service to humanity was focused on keeping Majapahit as the peaceful, just, and prosperous kingdom. Through his great spiritual insight and understanding, he foresaw the seeds of Majapahit destruction from within. Although he tried his hardest he failed to prevent the internal conflict that finally ended the Majapahit dynasty to be replaced by Raden Patah, son of the last Majapahit King Brawijaya the 5th, with his Moslem dynasty. The Javanese people were divided into two factions; those who followed the old Hindu Dharma way and those who followed the Moslem way of Raden Patah. Finally those who refused to follow the new Islamic way of life were exiled to Bali Island. An agreement was made that Bali Island was to be left alone and not to be disturbed for at least 670 years so that the Javanese people which later on become the Balinese could keep their religious and cultural way of life. One of the last persons to leave Java for Bali was Bhagawan Dang Hyang Dwijendra. Before he left Java he uttered a promise: "We will come back to you once 500 years has passed!"
In collaboration with 'Poros Langit Nuswantoro' Jombang based writers and cultural group from East Java, Indonesia, our Melbourne based WIDHN-Wijaya Dharma Nusantara cultural group embarked in helping the fulfilment of Maharesi Dwijendra's sacred promise and was then to be followed by the public forum on the subject of 'Surya Majapahit (Sun of Majapahit) teachings'. The preparation to hold this very important event took years of research and guidance. The requirements to hold this ritual ceremony which is known as 'Pecaruan' or the purification of the land and nature are very specific and must be strictly adhered to, as per the following:'
- The Balinese Brahmin presiding over the ritual ceremony must be a direct descendant of Maharesi Dwijendra himself.
- The Javanese descendant who is still practicing the Hindu Dharma religion must be located and included in the ritual ceremony.
- The representatives of Javanese Moslem must also take part in this very important ritual ceremony.
- The representatives of the main religion still widely practiced in Java must also take part in this ritual ceremony.
- The time to hold the ritual ceremony must be exactly 500 years after the time the promise was made by Maharesi Dwijendra.
- The ritual ceremony must be held at the entrance side of the gate to the capital of Majapahit that was built and used during Majapahit time.
- The offering for this ritual ceremony must represent the nature of the land and the people (5 different colours of flowers, known holy water from the land of Java, and the incense still used in spiritual ceremonies)
- Those who take part in the ceremony must go together from a home or a place that is equally seen as belonging to both the Javanese and Balinese.
- Most importantly all those who take part in this ritual ceremony must do it willingly.
One of the main reasons for this purification ceremony is to serve as a mass funeral rite for the thousands who perished approximately 500 years ago, who were never given their funeral rites due to the inability to locate a Hindu Dharma Brahmin in Java. It is found in the traditional belief system that the power of the land that brings about healing and rejuvenation diminishes when there have been so many human blood being shed onto the land. It is only after this has been addressed that the true purification ceremony can be performed. For the ceremony is considered as a very important one and must have what is known as 'Trihirta Karana' or the three main focus of:
- Harmony between the physical nature of human and the land and every being that live on the land.
- Harmony between the souls of the men to the heaven.
- Harmony between man to men (one to another).
The following participants were called to be part of this very important ceremony which was held at Gapura Waringin Lawang or the Majapahit gate on Thursday the 24th of January 2013 at 3.30 PM that interestingly also coincides with the Moslem holy day of 'Maulud Nabi Muhamad':
- Ida Bagus Purnama (a Balinese Brahmin from Grya Sumertha, Kesiman-Bali)
- Ibu Pemangku Trowulan and husband (the representative of Javanese Hindu)
- Panji Trisula (from Poros Langit Nuswantoro as Javanese representative)
- Mas Sutrisno (leader of the spiritual group Kabuh)
- Mbah Turmudzi (leader of the Kahuripan Islamic pondok/school)
- Niketan Mandalia (Indian-Hindu from Singapore)
- Noraini Padillah (Singaporean-Malay teacher)
- Damian da Silva (WIDHN project coordinator-Australia)
- R. Wijaya-Takdare (WIDHN-Australia)
Upon completion of the ritual ceremony and without any warning, heavy rain started pouring down as though the sky was split open. Although it was only for approximately 10-15 minutes it was enough for the traffic to come to a crawl as no one could see more than a meter ahead. The local people informed us that according to their traditional beliefs the power in the heavens have listened and granted our requests that were made through our ceremony. The requests we made were simply for the land to be healed, and for peace and love to be returned to its people. This is especially for the families that were separated for 500 years.
2. PUBLIC FORUM ON SURYA MAJAPAHIT TEACHINGS
Friday 25 January 2013 held at Jln Brigjen Katamso no 2, Jombang-Indonesia
The second event was the public forum on the subject of 'Surya Majapahit teachings' organised by Panji Trisula from Poros Langit Nuswantoro group which was held at Jln Brigjen Katamso no 2, Jombang East Java-Indonesia on Friday the 25th of January 2013. The forum was attended by many local representatives of spiritual groups and Islamic schools. The guest speakers were from WIDHN group representatives. The subject of the presentations were:
Noraini Padillah: Focused on sharing her personal experiences as the result of learning and practicing the Surya Majapahit teachings. How it was able to help her overcome the traumatic experience she had when she was 16 years old that has changed her life and caused her to become a person that was bitter and always angry. Now she is much more calm, peaceful, and loves to help others instead.
Damian da Silva: His presentation was focused on how learning and practising the teachings helped him to see life problems in a different perspective. This lead him to many different pathways that ultimately made his life more peaceful and focused. This specifically relates to his learning of the duality forces that governs life in this world and the order of time and place.
Niketan Mandalia: He shared the understanding which he gained in regards to one of the reasons why many Indian-Hindu spiritual masters came to live and bring their sacred teachings to Java a long time ago. For Java was a perfect land (Jawa dwipa) and just like the ocean, every spiritual teaching known during that time such as Hindu, Buddhist Mahayana, Taoism, and Confusius met and converge to become one of the most comprehensive spiritual teachings to help an individual's spiritual evolvement.
Ida Bagus Purnama: Spoke about how one must be in control and lead his own life according to the precept of 'Astabrata' before one can be the leader of the people. And how this ancient universal teaching based on love was like sacred praying beads that broke and each bead scattered all over the world. Now we are all making the first step to re-string it together again.
R.Wijaya-Takdare: Spoke about how Sanskrit was the universal language then and since everyone was a follower of Hindu-Dharma, all the symbols found in the Surya Majapahit actually represented the teachings of how to live in a harmonious, just and caring society. One of the reasons is because of the change from pursuing progress through science and technology with great monuments such as Borobudur and Prambanan temples with their great engineering feats, the ancient Javanese decided to pursue progress through arts and rituals.
The most important observation from this forum was the fact that perhaps for the first time in 500 years a Balinese Hindu-Dharma Brahmin sat together with the Javanese Moslem teachers accompanied by the seekers representatives from outside Indonesia (Singapore and Australia) to share and discuss the ancient Javanese teachings. This indeed is no common occurrence and will be marked as an important event in the beginning of this new era.